新西兰混能车真正省油和环保吗?(英语议论文)


车速到达60以上 踩油门就会有相似金属吱吱的声响 声响还挺大的 不踩油门 就没事 我上次加的机油有点偏高 是否是跟机油加多的成绩 求大神指教 谢谢 评论 你肯定不是 踩刹车??/? 评 比来才发现的,特别是加速托刹车或者慢速转弯,车头底部都会有咔咔声响,到修车行反省,也没查出啥成绩,讨教大家。车车是03年的BMW320i。 评论 假如是慢速转弯时分规律的咔咔响,


http://www.dogandlemon.com/articles/hybrids

Hybrids – nice theory, shame about the reality

There was a friend of the Dog & Lemon Guide editor who was visiting a family in Las Vegas. While our friend talked with the wife, she was taking the family washing out of the machine and putting it in the clothes drier.

For those who don’t know it, Las Vegas is in the middle of the desert and it was 35° Celsius outside. The wife could have thrown the whole load of washing out onto a deckchair and it would have been dry in ten minutes. But that’s not the American way. There is a deeply ingrained American attitude that says that the reward for all your hard work is the right to squander precious energy.

Despite the ‘green’ image that hybrid (petrol and electric) cars have, the claims about them tend to be exaggerated. Further, they generally have little support from the environmental movement – they’re like hybrid clothes driers for Las Vegas – they rather miss the point because they are failing to deal with the real problem.

That’s not just our opinion, either. General Motors vice president of global product development, Bob Lutz had the following to say:

“Hybrids are technologically of doubtful benefit, and expensive, but necessary from a political and public relations point of view.”

Lutz went further: “Toyota has said, economically, hybrids make no sense. The reduction in fuel [consumption] does not pay for the technological content and cost of the vehicle so therefore economically it remains fairly nonsensical.”

Toyota never denied Lutz’s statement.

Essentially a hybrid is a petrol car with an electric motor that cuts in at low speed. The electric motor is powered by generators that also help brake the vehicle. At the traffic lights the petrol engine simply cuts out. If you start slowly the electric motor does all the work. If you boot it the petrol and electric engines kick in together. The electric motor is largely irrelevant once you reach 30kp/h, so any thought that a hybrid is going to help your highway cruising economy is misplaced.

According to Toyota’s press kit for the previous model: “The Prius... has the performance of a 2.4-litre conventionally-powered car, and can carry five people and their luggage. Exhaust emissions are nearly 90 per cent less than those from a car of similar size powered by a conventional petrol engine, and fuel consumption is minimal – about five litres per 100 kilometres (56 miles per gallon). Performance has not been compromised...Prius has been recognised as a car of the future.”

A complaint to the New Zealand Advertising Standards Authority had the following to say about an ad for the Prius:

“Toyota is still making the claim [that the Prius produces]‘Up to 89% fewer smog-forming emissions than the average new car’, yet provides no data to support the claim, even though the Corolla, a fairly average car, of similar size, has lower nitrous oxide emissions than the Prius. As do practically all cars by their competitor Honda.”

The Advertising Standards Authority upheld the complaint after Toyota repeatedly failed to come up with credible data to back its claims.

On June 6, 2007, Britain’s Auto Express magazine reported that the Toyota Prius – the world’s biggest-selling hybrid – gives 37% worse fuel economy than official figures suggest. Actual road tests showed that the Prius used an average of 6.8 litres per 100 kilometres (41.5mpg) This is 37% less than the official EU figure for this car, which is 4.3 litres per 100 kilometres, or 65.7mpg.

This meant that the Prius, far from being the most economical car to drive, barely made it onto the top ten list of economical vehicles. By comparison, the Citroën C4 Coupé 1.6 HDi, used 5.6 litres per 100 kilometres (49.6mpg).

Another Toyota hybrid, the Lexus GS450h, achieved fuel consumption of 10.5 litres per 100 kilometres (26.7 miles per gallon). Toyota claims a fuel consumption of 10.5 litres per 100 kilometres (35.8 mpg) for this vehicle. Because the Lexus uses far more fuel than claimed, it produces far more emissions as well.

It’s not just Toyota that’s lying, either. The Honda Civic hybrid, claimed to be one of the ‘greenest’ cars, actually emits 56% more carbon dioxide than the manufacturers claim.

Honda claimed that the Civic Hybrid put out 109 grammes of CO2 per kilometre. In fact, the Honda put out 171 in actual road tests. It also used far more fuel than Honda claimed.

Hybrid cars came about as the result of legislation in California that states that a certain number of vehicles have to be run by electricity by a certain date. This is because California is dying from car pollution, and rather than take the simple step of leaving their cars at home, Californians want to keep their cars but ditch the fumes.

If you fill the streets of Los Angeles with hybrid cars you still have gridlock.

Basically, hybrid cars are a distraction from the real issue of dealing with millions of cars being driven to and from work when there’s no real need to do so. It’s not even true to say that hybrid cars pollute less – even assuming they pollute less than the average car, you mustn’t forget that much of the energy that a car uses is consumed in the manufacturing process, and that the majority of this energy is produced using either coal, oil or nuclear reactors.

Many of the sales of hybrids in America are to people who simply want to be able to use car pool lanes on the motorway, and/or because the hybrid’s heavy extra cost was subsidised by the US government. We’d love to say that hybrids offer a significant improvement over the conventional car, but we can’t because it’s simply not true.

Hybrids are part of a dream world of urban sprawl where people drive along endless motorways to and from endless suburbs. It’s an unsustainable way of running cities, and hybrid cars just put off the day when we have to deal with it.


评论
恩,电池是一个很大的成绩

评论
嗯,废旧电池回收是个成绩

评论
Battery is big problem After 10 years.
发送自我的iPhone天维网利用。

评论
yea...the battery is the biggest effect upon the furture environment




- -
快回...不然人家以為我們看不懂英文

评论
鼓舞各位车版伴侣努力学英语,十分好的雅思浏览练习,真的不成Google Translator也很好用

评论
努力学英语——

评论
我没看,但我听过.
,其实把各种要素加起来.一辆混能车要开20WKM以上,才比一辆开一样千米数汽油车省油和环保.

评论
电瓶寿命是个成绩。。。。。。。。

评论
等 那些 喝水的車 少量生產 就 不須要電油了

......但我看 那些中東石油大王 必定會派殺手 去把 研發 喝水車的人 給幹了.....并且車喝水了......國家政府總不克不及在水上 加稅吧? XD..........

新西兰汽车

正儿八经的理财神器

新西兰2021-5-3 15:32:05 上传 下载附件 (391.48 KB) 2021-5-3 15:28:31 上传 下载附件 (421.93 KB) 评论 我感觉头上又多了一把镰刀 评论 我说到嘴都累了。。。丰田真的是理财产品。。讲求性价比 只能是丰 ...

新西兰汽车

2010年 VOLVO S40 大降价6500!

新西兰出售2010年红色Volvo一辆,WOF到21年11月,路税到2022年4月,4月份刚做过service。新西兰一手车主,因公司配车闲置,决定出售。原厂音响音效好,长期加95油,车况良好,安全可靠。7200刀 ...

新西兰汽车

honda civic type r FD2

新西兰前天 19:30 上传 下载附件 (374.4 KB) 前天 19:30 上传 下载附件 (264.5 KB) 前天 19:30 上传 下载附件 (298.84 KB) 前天 19:30 上传 下载附件 (299.26 KB) 前天 19:30 上传 下载附件 (202.98 KB) 前天 19:30 上传 ...

新西兰汽车

2011 飞度 fit 1.3 白色 低公里数 8.6万KM

新西兰2011年车况非常好的飞度1.3,WOF都是一次过,WOF到2022年1月,rego到2021年5月。 没有任何机械方面的毛病,刚做完保养,用的嘉实多5w30的机油。表面有个别十分微小的划痕/凹坑(我买的时 ...

新西兰汽车

BMW 323i 经典直六引擎

新西兰2006 BMW 323i Highline 2.5L 经典直六引擎 红色 全皮座椅/电动/加热 正常保养 新WOF 车况良好 只跑了8.8万公里 低价转让$6500 欢迎诚心买家联系看车 O224I43577 评论 2006 BMW 323i Highline 2.5L 经典直六 ...

新西兰汽车

诚意出售 07年丰田wish

新西兰诚意出售 07年丰田 Wish 88000公里 新保养 WOF到2022年5月。路稅到8月。1.8排气量 AT变速箱。不是CVT的。新换的机油机滤。车况非常好 空间巨大 无论是家用 还装工具 都在好不过了。因为新 ...

新西兰汽车

忍痛割爱07年Auris,谁用谁知道

新西兰爱车出售:07年丰田银灰色Auris,1.5L发动机无敌耐用神车, 省油有力,小巧灵活, 纽西兰保有量最多,谁用谁知道。非常适合买菜、代步、上班、上学。内饰干净整洁,智能钥匙一键启 ...

新西兰汽车

2008 Toyota Camry

新西兰08年凯美瑞 顶配 Toyota原装倒车影像/娱乐设备 一键式升降窗户 自动大灯 一键式启动 倒车镜自动折叠 自动座椅调整 按时Full Service WOF 05/2022 价格可小刀 评论 没皮座没天窗不是顶配,顶配 ...

新西兰汽车

2007 BMW 320I 低公里 日本进口

新西兰2007 BMW 320I Air Bag(s) Alloys Fog Lights Interior Details: Black Cloth 5 Seats, Rear Wheel Drive, Electric Mirrors (Retractable), ABS 2007 bmw 320i 低公里 日本进口 车主已回国 价格可议 中区看车 前天 19:03 上传 下载附 ...

新西兰汽车

Honda Elysion (2007年)8人座

新西兰[color=var(--primary-text)][backcolor=var(--wash)] 8人座、車況正常良好。內部清新、明亮、乾淨寬敞,適合三代共乘同遊。 [color=var(--primary-text)][backcolor=var(--wash)] 昨天 16:16 上传 下载附件 (397.83 ...

新西兰汽车

2012 Nissan Serena S-Hybrid MTE996 8seats

新西兰2012 Nissan Serena S-Hybrid 油电混合 8人座,适合大家庭或者工具车 从正规车行购入,内外如新,空间大,新wof,新路税 绝对的幸运之车,本来买了准备做uber用车 然后买好第二天,老公就 ...

新西兰汽车

Volkswagen 大众 POLO ubro 手波 便宜卖

新西兰都市小钢炮 VW POLO turbo 1.5 新service 非常有力 021619543 city 或者中区看车 昨天 17:13 上传 下载附件 (233 KB) 昨天 17:13 上传 下载附件 (246.01 KB) 昨天 17:12 上传 下载附件 (190.01 KB) 昨天 17:13 上传 ...